Below is a list of common disorders evaluated and treated by an otolaryngologist.  If you have one of these problems, please use our member list to contact an otolaryngologist near you.

Ear problems:

–Hearing loss:  There are different types of hearing loss.  Some types of hearing loss may require a hearing aid, but some hearing can be made better by surgical procedures.

–Tinnitus: This is a common term for ringing in the ears.  There are different causes of tinnitus and management options.

–Dizziness:  Some types of dizziness are due to inner ear disorders that are treatable.

–Ear infections:  Ear infections can often be managed with medications, but patients may also be candidates for procedures to prevent ear infections.

Mouth and Throat:

–Trouble swallowing:  Contact an otolaryngologist if you have difficulty swallowing, are coughing up blood, or have a chronic sore throat.

–Infections:  Mouth sores, mouth pain, tonsillitis are common problems.

–Snoring and Sleep Apnea:  Awareness of sleep apnea and the medical problems it causes are increasing.   Otolaryngologist diagnose and treat sleep disordered breathing.

–Hoarseness: Voice changes or pain with speaking.

–Breathing difficulties:  Upper airway problems can cause shortness of breath, often associated with stridor, which is a high pitched sound from turbulent airflow.

–Acid Reflux:  GERD, or heartburn symptoms.

Nose and Sinuses:

–Infections:  Sinusitis can be treated with medications, or sometimes surgery.

–Nasal obstruction:  Sometimes caused by polyps, deviated septum, or congestion.  Otolaryngologists can improve nasal breathing, either with medications or surgery.

–Epistaxis:  Nosebleeds may require packing or cauterization.

–Allergy:  Testing for allergies is important for treating the allergies with avoidance techniques, medications, and allergy shots or sublingual drops.

–Loss of sense of smell or taste:  Should be evaluated to look for treatable causes.


–Salivary gland disorders:  Salivary gland infections, excess saliva (drooling), or growths in salivary glands.

–Thyroid disorders:  Thyroid nodules or growths should be evaluated.  Some need to be removed because of concern for cancer or compressive symptoms.

–Parathyroid disorders:  Overactive parathyroid glands that cause high calcium levels can be removed by otolaryngologists.

–Neck masses:  Abnormal growths and cancers in the head and neck should be evaluated by an otolaryngologist.

Facial Trauma and Plastic Surgery:

–Cosmetic surgery:  Some otolaryngologists are trained to perform facial plastic surgery.

–Skin cancers or growths:  Skin abnormalities on the face and neck can be removed and closed using plastic surgery techniques.

–Facial trauma:  Broken facial bones or lacerations.